Located in the South-South region of Nigeria in the rain forest belt. It lies between latitude 4 28’ and 6 55’ North of the Equator and longitudes 7 50’ and 9 28’ East of the Greenwich Meridian. It is bordered to the North by Benue State, to the East by the Republic of Cameroon, Ebonyi and Abia States to the West and Akwa Ibom State to the South-West. Its entire South is watered by the Cross River estuary & Atlantic coast.
Cross River State was created as South-South State on May 27, 1967 from the former Eastern Region, Nigeria by the General Yakubu Gowon regime. Its name was changed to Cross River State in the 1976 state creation exercise by the then General Murtala Mohammed regime from South Eastern State. Its capital is Calabar. Its major towns include Akamkpa, Akpabuyo, Ikom, Obubra, Obudu, Ogoja & Ugep.
During the era of the Atlantic slave trade Calabar was a major port involved in the transportation of African slaves. Old Calabar was a key hub in the trade of slaves from the 16th to 19th centuries.
It is estimated that 15% of the total of over 10 million Africans traded as slaves came through the port of Calabar.
During the Post Slave Trade era of the mid 19th to 20th century, Calabar again was the hub of the oil Palm trade which played a significant part in the 1st industrial revolution.
The city also served as the seat of government of the Niger Coast Protectorate, Southern Protectorate and Oil River Protectorate.
The state has been previously governed by many governors and administrators including Udoakaha J. Esuene, Paul Omu, Tunde Elegbede, Clement Isong, Donald Etiebet, Daniel Archibong, Ibim Princewill, Ernest Atta, Clement Ebri, Ibrahim Kefas, Gregory Agboneni, Umar Faoruk Ahmed, Christopher Osondu, Donald Duke and Liyel Imoke. The Current Governor is Ben Ayade, who came into power on the 29th of May, 2015.
To become a leading Nigerian State with Prosperous, Healthy and well Educated Citizens living in harmony with people and nature; and pursuing legitimate interest in freedom moderated by good governance
Cross River State’s policy thrust seeks to develop a strong private sector driven economy by;
- Making its agriculture more productive and ensure participatory and adaptable investments in the sector;
- Develop its tourism industry to an enviable height;
- Build, upgrade and maintain basic infrastructure;
- Preserve its physical environment;
- Expand access to and affordability of education and basic healthcare.
We are famous for being the cleanest and greenest state in Nigeria today. You’ll find the atmosphere is relaxing, making us the ideal venue for a holiday or a business trip
We’re the most eco-friendly state in Nigeria. The majority of the country’s remaining rainforest is in our state and we’re working actively to conserve it. Our wildlife and out of doors experiences are the best in Nigeria. We’re home to many internationally famous conservation organizations and actively promote ecotourism initiatives.
In line with its culture and history, Cross River State is one of Nigeria’s most peaceful and safe states. Military and police headquarters are located in the State and co-ordinate to ensure Cross River remains a safe, secure place with an effective emergency response centre. This all contributes toward making Cross River State an enjoyable place to live and work.